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Ike and Dick are nicknames for Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard M. Nixon, President and Vice President of the United States of America from 1953-1961. Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander during World War II and used that success to win the Republican nomination in 1952. He chose California Senator Nixon as his running mate in part due to his youth (age 39) and his strong anti-communist positions. The pair won their first term in a landslide over Democrats Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman. They won again in 1956 against Stevenson and Estes Kefauver.
The Eisenhower/Nixon administration was seen as a time of American prosperity. They were responsible for the Interstate system, negotiated the end of the Korean War, and signed the first major Civil Rights action into law. The administration also stressed the importance of stockpiling nuclear weapons in response to the Cold War.