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Xerox Corporation is an American office technology company headquartered in Norwalk, Connecticut. Xerox started in 1906 as a photographic paper manufacturer and distributor before becoming the first manufacturer of plain paper copiers. In 1947, Xerox purchased the rights to technology known as xerography, a "dry" photocopying technique that uses no liquid chemicals. The first xerographic copier was introduced in 1959 with the company officially adopting Xerox as the corporation name in 1961. In the 1990s, Xerox created digital photocopiers, "bridging the gap" between paper and digital.