Illustration of a grey, white and black robot with black text on a white background with red circle around the outer edge and red line across
DYEN/MILLENNIUM GROUP 924-CHERRY ST. PHILA, PA 19107
In 1980 Edward “Ted” Kennedy, an American politician ran against President Jimmy Carter for the Democratic nomination. However, the delegates had already committed to voting for President Carter during the primaries and the Democratic Rule F3C required them to vote for him. Kennedy argued against this rule, nicknaming it the “robot rule”. Kennedy’s “No F3C Robot Rule” campaign failed, though the rule was eliminated two years later.