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The Equal Rights Amendment, or ERA, was proposed in 1923 as the “Lucretia Mott Amendment” and its purpose was to make sex equality a Constitutional right. It would ensure equality for women in a number of areas, including job opportunities, health care, and education.

During the frequent protests that surrounded this movement, the individuals who were in favor of the amendment often wore green and white to show support. Those who opposed it typically wore red and carried red octagonal signs that represented their desire to “stop” the amendment’s forward progression through Congress.

Despite being passed by Congress in 1972, the majority of states failed to ratify it before the seven year deadline. It was reintroduced in 1982 and has been put before Congress in every session since. On May 30, 2018, Illinois became the 37th state to ratify the ERA, which means only one more state is required in order to meet the Constitutional requirements for ratification.  


Francis, R. (n.d.) The History Behind the Equal Rights Amendment. Equal Rights Amendment. Retrieved from

Haag, M. (2018 May). The Equal Rights Amendment Was Just Ratified by Illinois. What Does That Mean?

The New York TImes. Retrieved from…

Neuwirth, J. (2015 April). ERA? Yes! A New Push for Sex Equality. Women’s Media Center. Retrieved from…

O’Neill, T. (2017 March). ERA Yes! A Statement by NOW President Terry O’Neill. NOW. Retrieved from

Sheppard Jr., N. (198 June). Press for Rights Amendment Intensifies in Illinois. The New York Times. Retrieved from…

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