|Text on Button||BLACK PANTHER PARTY BLACK POWER MALCOLM X|
Illustration of Malcolm X and black text inside a white cirlce in the center of the button. White text on black outer border.
|Curl Text||(union bug)|
The Black Panther Party, originally called the Black Panther Party for Self Defense, was founded in Oakland, California, in 1966 following the 1965 assassination of Malcolm X. Party co-founders Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale based much of the organization’s philosophies on Malcolm X’s ideas including black nationalism and armed self-defense. In 1967 armed party members marched into the California state legislature to protest a gun control bill. Party activities slowed in the mid-1970s into the 1980s as President Herbert Hoover devoted Federal Bureau of Investigations resources to its end and leadership dissolved.